Structure and Physics of Solids

Scope of questions for State exams of Bachelor's degree program

Branch: Physics of Plasma and Thermonuclear Fusion

Subject: Structure and Physics of Solids

Subjects regarding the questions:

  • 11ZFPL Basics of Solid State Physics
  • 11MAPL Solid State Physics – Applications and Analytic Methods
  • 11SPL Structure of Solid State
  • 11DAPL Diffraction Analysis of Solid State
  • 11APLG Application of Group Theory in Solid State Physics
1. Structure of solids -main types of bonds, bonding forces, atomic and ionic radii, coordination numbers, macroscopic symmetry of crystals, crystal lattice, polytype, isomorphism, polymorphism, solid solutions, interstitial compounds and intermediate phases, liquid crystals, nanocrystals, amorphous substances, structural defects, diffusion
2. Symmetry of crystals -groups of symmetry, reducible and irreducible representations of point groups of symmetry, properties of irreducible representations, decomposition of reducible group representations, tables of characters for point groups of symmetry, bases for irreducible representations of point groups of symmetry, direct product and its use, ligand and crystal field, selection rules for optical transitions
3. Mechanical properties of solids -elastic and plastic deformation, dislocation dynamics, ductility and strength of solids, tensor description of the relationship between symmetry and properties of crystals
4. Thermal vibrations of atoms in crystalline solids -acoustic and optical branches of vibration waves, phonons, thermal capacity, thermal expansion and thermal conductivity of a crystalline lattice
5. Electronic structure of solids -basic properties of wave functions and energy spectrum of electrons in periodic electric field of crystals
6. Physics of metals -model of free electrons, electrical, magnetic and thermal properties, superconductivity
7. Physics of dielectrics -orientational, ionic and electronic polarization, optical properties, ferroelectrics, phase transitions
8. Semiconductor physics -intrinsic and extrinsic semiconductors, electrical conductivity, Hall effect, contact phenomena, PN transitions, photoelectric properties, surface properties, transistors
9. Teoretické základy experimentálních metod studia pevných látek –rentgenografické, elektronové a neutronové difrakční analýzy, optické a Ramanovy spektroskopie
10. Applications of diffraction methods -utilization of x-ray absorption, methods to study single crystals, powders and polycrystalline substances, phase analysis, tensometric and texture analysis